For NOREBO sustainable fishery means that our fishing activities shall not lead to depletion of living marine resources and biological diversity.
The principle of sustainable development also means for us that we shall do our business with considerations to the needs and interests of other stakeholders (local community, public groups, workers, NGOs etc.) improving the cooperation network among such stakeholders.
Norebo advocates the following principles of sustainable fishing:
A. Ensuring sustainable fish stocks
The stocks shall be fished at sustainable levels or the fishing shall not hinder their recovery. Fishing activity must be at a level which ensures it can continue indefinitely. Understanding if a fish stock is sustainable, requires data in the form of catch records and stock surveys. This data collection and research must be ongoing to ensure that the fishery can respond to declines in fish populations by reducing the level of fishing.
B. Minimising environmental impact
The fishing activities must be managed to maintain the structure, productivity, function and diversity of the ecosystem. This requires reducing bycatch, the incidental catch of non-target species such as other fish species, juveniles, corals, marine mammals or birds. Such incidences shall be investigated and minimised wherever possible so that they do not present a risk to the populations of these species.
C. Effective fisheries management
The fisheries must comply with relevant local and national laws and standards as well as international understandings and treaties and have a management system in place that is responsive to changing circumstances.
D. Combating IUU fishing
Illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing, known as IUU fishing is determined as follows:
(i) Illegal fishing refers to activities:
- conducted by the vessels in waters under any national jurisdiction of a coastal state or in the high seas, without the permission of the relevant government bodies of such coastal state or in contravention of its laws and regulations;
- conducted by the vessels operating in contravention of the conservation and management measures adopted by the recognized international organizations and by which Norebo is bound, or relevant provisions of the applicable international law; or
- in violation of national laws or international obligations.
(ii) Unreported fishing refers to fishing activities:
- which have not been reported, or have been misreported, to the relevant national authority, in contravention of national laws and regulations; or
- undertaken in the area of competence of a relevant regional fisheries management organization which have not been reported or have been misreported, in contravention of the reporting procedures of that organization.
(iii) Unregulated fishing refers to fishing activities:
- in the area of application of a relevant regional fisheries management organization that are conducted by vessels without nationality, or by those flying the flag of a state not party to that organization, or by a fishing entity, in a manner that is not consistent with or contravenes the conservation and management measures of that organization;
- in areas or for fish stocks in relation to which there are no applicable conservation or management measures and where such fishing activities are conducted in a manner inconsistent with international responsibilities for the conservation of living marine resources under the international law;
No fisheries shall be in any way engaged in IUU fishing and no responsible companies shall do business with those implicated in IUU fishing.
E. Cutting out destructive fishing practices
No destructive fishing practices shall be used including cyanide fishing and the use of explosives. These are indiscriminate fishing methods that can have devastating impacts on marine species and habitats.
Our standards are based on international law, national legislation and international soft law rules developed in the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
NOREBO’s policy on sustainable fishery defines many aspects of our fishing activities, including as follows:
1) our policy platform;
2) ban on any involvement in IUU-fishing;
3) vessel monitoring system;
4) bycatch of non-target species including benthic organisms;
6) at-sea inspection of the fishing vessel;
7) transparency and traceability;
9) conservation and protection of vulnerable marine ecosystems (VMEs) and endangered, threatened and protected (ETP) species;
10) cooperation with environmental NGOs.
The work of the crew and the master of the fishing vessel is often a decisive element for economic efficiency of the fleet. NOREBO advocates compliance with the high social standards and priority of safety at sea.
A master of a fishing vessel is a head of his crew. He is responsible for operation of the vessel and therefore he shall be responsible for execution of the shipowner’s tasks and safety of the vessel and the crew as well as operations of the crew at sea and compliance with international law and Russian legislation.
The Code of Conduct focuses on safety at sea and social welfare of the crew and master of the fishing vessel. The provision of the Code of Conduct cover such important issues as:
1) fishing vessels;
2) crew members and master;
3) fishing activities and processing operations;
4) internal audit of the vessels.